The Internet we know, has governments and corporations involved in providing for data transfers. Servers for routing, DNS and other things are handled by government organizations and Internet Service Providers. Thus, they are able to track what you are doing using their resources. VPNs and Proxies are a little help in diverting them but cannot provide 100% privacy. Decentralized Internet – one that does not need the governmental and corporate servers – can help in privacy and in certain other factors – such as preventing throttling and speeding down connection speeds.
In this article I will focus and talk more about Meganet, which has been in the news lately. It is a decentralized Internet structure that is waiting to be launched on Jan 2016.
What is Meganet
Most of you might have heard of Kim Schmitz (aka Kim Dotcom). He is a well-known, wanted hacker on the Internet. He is founder of Megaupload and certain other websites that have the Internet police on their heels to deport him to the US and try him for different Internet crimes.
After Kim Dotcom’s Megaupload was taken down, the German hacker and Internet entrepreneur turned his attention towards an Internet that the government cannot control nor can corporations snoop on what the users are doing. The decentralized Internet’s model is not very clear at this moment but it is clear that it won’t be tied to IP addresses and will steer clear of any government or corporate agencies wanting to know what you have been doing on your Internet.
Currently, the model – though not explained completely – is open for crowdfunding and Kim Dotcom says he will launch it on the anniversary of government taking his Megaupload site down. He also says that though the initial reception of the model may not be much, ten years from now, the concept will be understood by everyone and there will be more and more people (users) opting in for the decentralized Internet that he names Meganet. He claims that the model will work in a way that no one except the user can know what he or she is doing on the Internet. That is a big claim and it requires volunteers to be accomplished. There are many benefits, privacy being the foremost, which makes Kim Dotcom believe that many people will come forward and start using Meganet.
How does Decentralized Internet work
This section has been created based on the many articles and threads on the decentralized Internet on the web. These communications were enough to give me a rough idea of how the decentralized Internet will work.
People using mobile devices do not know how much of their bandwidth lies idle and is never used. decentralized Internet will make use of this bandwidth to provide Internet to everyone who signs up for it. The current Internet will be used just a stub so that people can launch the decentralized Internet and then go worry free.
There are no direct costs involved except for the costs of data transfer on mobile devices. Meganet founder says thatMeganet will not drain off the batteries of the users using Meganet – while transferring or forwarding data packets from one device to other.
To put it in one line, you as a user will be both a client and a server. Your devices’ will make use of idle bandwidth on other connected mobile devices and in return, will provide bandwidth of your device to others. There won’t be possibilities of hacking even though the devices will be interconnected. I am yet to find a solid backup to this statement. Like the TOR network, the connection may be a maze so that no one knows the IP address of where the Internet data packets are originating. Though it was in news that users of TOR can be figured, Kim Dotcom is certain that his model has ample precautions to keep Meganet’s users happy and totally private.
Since there won’t be any need of government servers or ISP provided DNS resolvers, they won’t be able to tap into the network and thus, the power of a decentralized Internet would be in the users’ hands.
ZeroNet is another decentralized Internet, that aims to deliver a decentralized web platform using Bitcoin cryptography and the BitTorrent network. Project Maelstorm is a P2P Network to host websites. Maidsafe is an open-source program hosted on GitHub, that enables a decentralized Internet platform.